Periodontic dentistry is concerned with the treatment of the gingival areas including gums, soft tissues and gum diseases. Periodontal disease or gum disease are used normally to refer to gingivitis and periodontitis. Depending on the stages of gum dieases, various periodontal treatment may be required. Deep cleaning, root planning & scaling or gum cleaning is a periodontal treatment normally done to prevent and treat gum dieases.
Gingivitis is an inflammatory condition of the gingiva caused by factors including smoking, certain drugs and hormonal changes that occur in puberty and pregnancy.
Symptons of gingivitis :
- gums may appear red and swollen
- gums may bleed easily
- there may be bad odor or taste
- gum sensitivity
- gums begin to detach from teeth, forming pockets that make it easier for bacteria and food to get trapped
Periodontitis follows with the destruction of the supporting structure of the teeth and is influenced by factors including the individual's immune and inflammatory response. It is initiated by microbial plaque.Periodontitis, if left untreated, can causes tooth loss, mouth odor, bad breath or halitosis.
Symptons of periodontitis:
- tooth roots become exposed
- there may be severe gum discoloration
- teeth is loose with sensitive gums
- intense pain
- lost of tooth or teeth in severe cases
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Types of Peridontal Treatments
Scaling root planning and deep cleaning is also known as gum cleaning used to clean and treat gums affected by gingivitis and periodontitis or gum dieases.
Gingivectomy and gingivoplasty is commonly done to improve the gum contour in harmonizing the appearance of the natural or prosthetic dentition giving more symmetry.
Gum recession refers to receeding gumline. Gingival grafts, gum grafts or periodontal surgery can be done to creat a thick, tough gum tissue called "attached gingiva" which will prevent further recession or in some cases cover the existing recession.
Esthetic periodontal crown-lengthening surgery is usually performed to change the dimension of the front teeth and to optimize the esthetic outcome of treatment with new crown restorations or other esthetic dental care
Advance appointment booking is needed to see the Periodontist. Please kindly contact us.